Art & Interior

Explanations to the Catalogue

Each condition report which has been made available by VAN HAM Fine Art Auctioneers is the opinion of our experts and does not constitute any claim of guarantee by VAN HAM Fine Art Auctioneers.

General Informations

Bronzes & Sculptures

Indication of the artist refers to intellectual authorship of the model; the castings may also have been made after the artist's death. Materials other than bronze (zinc, galvanoplastic copper, terra-cotta, etc.) are expressly listed. Size stated in centimetres excluding base.


Dimensions are listed in the following order: height, breadth, deepness. Dimensions for paper works refer to the size of the sheet of paper.


Measurements are valid as follows: Height, Width, Depth; they are given in cm. measures of graphical works refer to the actual size of the representations respectively the plate size for etchings and engravings as far as not mentioned otherwise. Measurements in brackets "( )" refer to the paper size.

General References

The description of the works of art has been given greatest care. Main defiviencies are mentioned in the catalogue. The condition of the objects is always being considered in the estimated price.

Zustand (Condition)

Since the catalogue text normally contains no particulars about the condition of medium, substrate and frame, we will be happy to provide you further information upon request. No liability can be accepted for frames.

Name ohne Zusatz (Name without addition)

In our opinion undoubtedly a work of the stated artist.

zugeschrieben (attributed)

In our opinion probably wholly or partly a work of the stated artist.

Werkstatt/Schule (workshop/school)

In our opinion from the workshop of the stated artist, presumably under his supervision.

Umkreis (circle)

In our opinion a contemporary work showing the influence of the stated artist.

Nachfolge (follower)

In our opinion a work in the style of the stated artist, but not necessarily by a pupil of his.

Art des (style of)

In our opinion a work in the style of the stated artist from a later period.

Nach (after)

In our opinion a copy of a work of the stated artist.

Painting title in "..."

In our opinion the work was personally titled by the artist.


In our opinion the work was personally signed and/or dated by the artist.


In our opinion the work was signed/dated by someone else later.

Descriptions for furniture and works of art

Zustand A (Condition A)

Good condition, slight traces of use.

Zustand B (Condition B)

Furniture usable, surface damage. Craftwork marred, has small repairs, and damaged, dented, scratched.

Zustand C (Condition C)

Furniture requires restoration. Craftwork shows heavy repairs and damage.

P Pendulum of the clock existing.

S Key of the clock existing.

G Weight of the clock existing.


Unstamped and unchased precious metals are tested for the alloy with gold test-acids and TRI electronics. The carat (weight) determinations of diamonds and precious stones are calculated by Electronic Gemstone Gauge or taken from the expertises which accompany the works. VAN HAM cannot be made responsible for any discrepancies within the tolerance levels. Traditionally, gemstones have been treated by a variety of techniques to enhance colour and generally to improve their appearance. Typically, rubies and sapphires have been heat treated and emeralds have been treated by oil or resin to improve colour and clarity. These or other techniques, such as dyeing, irradiation,coating and impregnation, may be used on other gemstones. Although it is widely believed that heat treatments are permanent, purchasers should assume that any treatment may not be permanent and that over time special care of the stone may be required. Prospective purchasers are reminded that, unless the catalogue description specifically states that a stone is natural, we have assumed that some form of treatment may have been used and that such treatment may not be permanent. Our presale estimates reflect this assumption.

To the extent that VAN HAM has laboratory reports containing specific information on the treatment of a stone, these reports are made available for review by potential purchasers. Available reports from internationally recognized gemmological laboratories will be noted in the description of the item. New forms of treatments and new scientific methods to discern them are constantly being developed. Consequently, there may be a lack of consensus among laboratories as to whether gemstones have been treated, the extent of the treatment or the permanence of the treatment. References in the catalogue descriptions to certificates or reports issued by gemmological laboratories are included only for the information of bidders, and VAN HAM accepts no responsibility for the accuracy, terms or information contained in such certificates or reports. Statements in the catalogue regarding the condition of lots in this sale usually appear in the description. However, the absence of any such reference does not imply that a lot is in perfect condition or completely free from wear or imperfections. VAN HAM will be pleased to offer condition reports on all lots of the sale to potential purchasers. Please call the jewellery representatives as set forth in the front of the catalogue.

Clocks and Watches

The completeness and operability of watches cannot be guaranteed under any circumstances. Buyers are advised to consult an expert of their choice as regards the function of their watch. Buyers are advised that water-tight or water-proof watches will have been opened by our experts during the preparation of the catalogue, as well as possibly repeatedly during the preview, in order to allow a detailed description. VAN HAM Fine Art Auctioneers cannot guarantee under any circumstances, that the watches will be water-tight or water-proof at the time of purchase.

Please Note

The catalogue information is a partial reproduction of the text contained in VAN HAM's published catalogue for the sale for which you have requested access and is available to our visitors for their convenience. Certain important information and notices contained in the published catalogue may not be included in the catalogue text available online. Please note that the published version of the catalogue constitutes the original source material for the catalogue information you have requested. To the extent that there is any difference between the published catalogue and the catalogue information available to you online, the terms of the published catalogue will prevail. The text contained on this site may be modified at any time during the pre-sale period, lots may be added or withdrawn and important announcements concerning lots or the terms under which they are offered may be made or circulated to bidders at the actual auction. VAN HAM is not responsible for any errors or omissions contained in the catalogue material you have requested. The catalogue information may be amended by written notice posted during the exhibition prior to the sale or by an oral announcement made during the sale. VAN HAM retains exclusive copyright to the catalogue information you have requested. You may not duplicate or otherwise reproduce the catalogue information without the express written permission of VAN HAM.